Women Leadership for Sustainable Development: Target 5.5

The Sustainable Development goals are the base or a blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for the humankind. They give attention to the problem that the world and the people are facing. They address the challenges that we face, which includes climate change, inequality, poverty and more. The SDGs are also known as ‘Global Goals’ were taken up and adopted by all the united nation members’ states. This big project is taken up to ensure peace and prosperity to the people by 2030.

When we talk about gender equality we should know that it is not only a fundamental human right but a necessary foundation for a prosperous, peaceful and sustainable world. Giving women and girls equivalent admittance to instruction, medical services, respectable work, and portrayal in political and financial dynamic cycles will fuel-economical economies and advantage social orders and humankind on the loose.

Every individual of society deserves equal status, opportunity, and rights. Gender equality means that all genders are equal and all are free to pursue whatever career, lifestyle choice, and abilities they want without discrimination. Everyone is free to access to any resources and opportunities regardless of gender. Each person of the general public longs for equivalent status, opportunity, and rights. All genders are equal and they are allowed to seek after whatever profession, direction for living, and capacities they need without separation.

This article is based on to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. A state or nation can progress and attain higher development growth only when both men and women are given equal opportunities. Women in the society are often cornered and do not get equal rights as men to health, education, decision-making and economic freedom in terms of wages. Gender inequality, however, is present in many areas, so it is very important that we focus on this and find new ways of addressing this issue.

Goal 5

Goal 5 is to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. This goal focuses to create equal opportunities between men and women across anything be it economic or political fronts and to empower women in areas where they are systematically disadvantaged and discriminated against. This is ideal and very important for development.


The target for this is to ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life. Status of women in politics shows the degree of equality and freedom enjoyed by women in the shaping and sharing of power and the value given by the people of the society to those women who took up this role.

Women around the world at every socio-political level find themselves under-represented in the national parliaments and far removed from decision-making levels. They are eliminated from dynamic levels. One normal component is available in each country’s political battleground; it is the lopsided and not helpful for women’s investment.


Here we have two points under the indicator 5.5.1:

  • Proportion of seats held by women in the national parliaments and
  • The proportion of elected seats held by women in deliberative bodies of local government.

To calculate the proportion of seats held by women in the national parliaments is done by dividing the total number of seats occupied by women by the total number of seats in the parliament. This is how we get to know the results. The indicator is calculated as the total numbers of seats occupied by women divided by the total number of seats occupied in parliament and multiplied by 100.

In the world, the proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (single and lower chambers) were like this :In 2000 it was 13.3%, in 2005 it went little up to 15.9%, in 2010 it was 19.0%, in 2015 it came up to 22.3% and in 2020 it was 24.9%.

The data of different regions are also given like in the western part of Asia in 2000 it was 5.2%, 2005 it was 5.7%, 2010 it was 9.3%, 2015 it was  12.8% and 2020 it was 15.6%. In the region of Oceania it was 11.3% in 2000, 2005 it was 11.2%, 13.2% in 2010, it stayed the same in 2015 as well,  in 2020 it came up to 16.6%.

The data concern single and lower chambers and areas at 1st of January for 2020 as at 1st of February for 2013-2019, as at 31st of January for 2005 and 2010 and as at 25th January for 2000.

The proportion of elected seats held by women in deliberative bodies of local government were like this : In the world (133 countries and area) in 2019 it was 36.3 and world excluding India (132 countries and areas) it was 27.6% in the year of 2019. For this the data of some regions are as follows:

In the region of Sub-Saharan (Africa 29 countries and areas) in 2019 it was 29.3%, in the region of landlocked developing countries (23 countries and area) it was 30.76% in 2019, in the least developed countries (23 countries and areas)  it was 30.26% in 2019. The number of countries and areas used to calculate the regional values is presented in parentheses. The data are based on the most recent local elections as at 1st January 2020.


Women and girls continue to suffer from discrimination around the world, despite these plans and progress towards gender equality. This will continue to be a challenge across the world till 2030. To achieve this everybody has to work together and we will overcome these challenges. 


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