In implementation of the advocacy plan there will be several obstacles, opportunities & a set of complex actors. We need to map those actors & dynamics. United Nations identifies three critical steps in mapping:
In almost every instance there will be some person or institution that has the formal authority to do (or not do) the thing you want done. At the start of advocacy planning it needs to identify all of these key and specific actors who will affect the success or failure of their efforts.
With the identification of these different actors in hand, we should then map out the politics they are dealing with and where all these actors stand on the issue (supportive or opposed) and how much power they have (powerful or not powerful). This ‘power grid’ can serve as an indispensable tool for planning strategy.
As you look at that mapping you will realize who has power that you most need to convince to take your side? Who is on your side that you need to help make you more powerful? With whom do you need to develop a deeper working alliance & who is powerful and against you that you most need to deal with? This helps to offer a clear-eyed view of what you are dealing with so that you can set your priorities based on that insight.